Tax Audit Form: 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE
Category: Income Tax, Posted on: 19/10/2022 , Posted By: Webtel
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The Income Tax Act 1961 defines the audits of taxpayers under Section 44AB, whereby the applicability of tax auditing for professionals and businesses is stated. A CA inspects and verifies these accounts and prepares the audit reports, which are filed in forms 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE.

The applicability, process, and penalties associated with the tax audit forms 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE have been discussed in this blog.

Form 3CA

3CA (Audit Annexure Form) is required to be enclosed with 3CD (Main Tax Audit Report) if the books of accounts of the assessee are required to be audited under any other law, such as Companies Act, 2013, including tax audit under the Income Tax Act,1961. This Form is applicable in the case of tax audits applicable on companies since companies are also required to furnish the statutory tax audit report under the Companies Act, 2013. Hereby, the assessee is applicable for TAX audit u/s 44AB of the Income Tax Act as well as the Companies Act.
3CA includes a summarized overview of the assessee’s personal information (such as the personal information of the chartered accountant and the assessee including the PAN details, and address). The date of the audit report, CA membership number, date of the balance sheet used to perform the audit, and highlights of the qualifications/ audit observations are found in the details associated with the Form 3CD.

Form 3CB

Form 3CB is required to be furnished by taxpayers carrying out business or professional activities, for whom, tax auditing is not mandated under any other law. As discussed above, only income tax audit is applicable under Section 44AB. Form 3CB is applicable for other than companies. Any individual/HUF, proprietorship entity, or partnership firm with an annual turnover exceeding from specified limit, and not mandated to get its accounts audited under any other law, is required to furnish form 3CB including the 3CD Report.
Besides Form 3CB, the taxpayer is required to form 3CD which contains a detailed overview of all the prescribed particulars regarding tax auditing.

Form 3CD

The income tax audit Form 3CD is a detailed statement of particulars containing of 41 clauses, whereby all the details related to business and transactions, such as revenue, turnover, expenses, profits, asset-liability details, and so on are furnished by the taxpayer.
To get a detailed explanation of each clause of Form 3CD, visit Detailed Explanation & Applicability of Form 3CD

Form 3CE

Form 3CE is required to be furnished along with an annexure of particulars, by foreign companies and non-residents that receive a royalty for technical services provided and are mandated to get their books of accounts audited.

Specified Limit for Tax Audit:

Assessee

Base of Applicability

Amount Exceeds

Tax audit Applicable

 

Business

Sales turnover or gross receipts of services

1 Cr.

Yes

 

Business with

 2 conditions are fulfilled as per specified

Sales turnover or gross receipts of services

10 Cr.

1st Condition:

Receipts in cash do not exceed 5% of all receipts

2nd Condition:

Payment in cash does not exceed 5% of all payment

Yes

 

Profession

Professional gross receipts

50 Lakhs

Yes

 

Business Covered U/s 44AD 

If such a person claims that the profits and gains from the business are lower than the profits and gains computed in accordance with the provision of Section U/s 44AD

Yes

Business Covered U/s 44ADA

Business Covered U/s 44AE


Due Date to file Income Tax Audit Forms: 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE

An income tax audit report is required to be obtained by a taxpayer before 30th September or One month Prior to the due date of furnishing the return of the Income Under section 139(1) for the given assessment year, unless the due date has been extended as per the government guidelines.

Penalty for not filing Income Tax Audit Reports

In case of non-compliance to the income tax auditing regulations and not furnishing the tax audit forms 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE, a minimum penalty of 0.5% can be imposed over the total sales, turnover, or gross receipts, which can further be raised up to ₹ 1,50,000 as per Section 271B. However, no penalty will be imposed if the taxpayer provides a relevant reason for not furnishing the income tax audit reports and not filing the tax audit forms 3CA, 3CB, 3CD, and 3CE.


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